Saturday, 18 December 2010

The Forests of Romania

The forests of Romania cover more than 25% of the country surface.The conifer forests are scattered with birches and and maples in low area.Transylvanian plateau is covered with forests of oaks and beech trees.Large forests of oaks could also found in Dobrogea,in west plain and north side of Romanian plain.Here appear lots of deers,foxes,bears,squirrels,falcons and owls.

Forests, which in ancient times and in middle age cover almost whole surface of Romania(except south-west),gave way gradually for agricultural lands.In these days the forests occupy 26.2% (6.366.000 ha) from the country surface,consisting in beech forests (about 2 millions ha),oaks(1.1 milions ha),conifers forests (1.9 milions ha).

There are also other species of forests like hornbeam,poplar,lime.Alpine passes cover extended areas at altitudes who are beyond 1.800 m and are used for growing sheep. Beyond 400.000 ha(6.3% from total surface) are clearly affected (became arid) by pollution with sulfur compounds or with else compounds from industrial emissions.

The Carpathian Mountains are a mountain chain, belonging to the great mountain central system of Europe. The Carpathian Mountains are situated between Vienna Basin (which separates it from alpine chain) and lane of Timok (which separates it from Satara Planina, in Balcanic Peninsula) from an arc with a length of 1500 km and a maximum width of 130 km, unfolding on 6° latitude and about 10° longitude. The Carpathian Mountains lye on the territory of seven countries: Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Ukraine, Romania and Serbia. The Carpathian Mountains are middle mountains, only few sectors exceeding 2000 m altitude.

The discoveries made from the archaeological researches in the area Ferigile, next to Horezu revealed archaeological testimonials from centuries IX an XIII considering the location of humans settlements. The development of Horezu settlements is related to transhumance routes,from the roads of outlaws, which crossed the area.
The village, today the city of Horezu is attested in the hristory belonging to the ruler Vlad Calugarul from year 1478, which commemorated the village Horezu.

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