Leiria Pine Forests belongs to a large National Forest which was created to form a sea wind protective barrier, a long time ago.
Thus, beyond the wooded area where the predominant pine is Pinus pinaster, we have a long coastline where several marine plants, such as beach’s Murganheira and sea thistle, can be found. Regarding the animal kingdom only insects and small reptiles. In the area of the first row of dunes we can also observe migratory birds that find there rest and shelter or their nesting site (such as the little Sea-Swallow).
When we move into the pine forest, the soil is more stable and the salinity is lower, which means there is the enriching of both flora and fauna.